Long Term Health Conditionsstethoscope


Asthma is a common condition that causes coughing, wheezing, tightness of the chest and breathlessness. Most people with asthma who take the appropriate treatment can live normal lives, but left untreated, asthma can cause permanent damage to the airways. Annual Review Leaflet Symptoms of asthma The usual symptoms of asthma are: coughing wheezing shortness of […more]

Atrial Fibrillation

An irregular pulse could be a sign that you have an abnormal heart rhythm. Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common forms of abnormal heart rhythm and a major cause of stroke. Annual Review Leaflet What are the symptoms of atrial fibrillation? Symptoms can include: palpitation (being aware of your heart beat) tiredness […more]


One in three people will be affected by cancer at some stage in their life. There are many different types of cancer and this page doesn’t cover them all, but the general information will help you to access further information and support. Macmillan Cancer Support – The cancer line and how it can help There […more]

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the name for a collection of lung diseases including chronic bronchitis, emphysema and chronic obstructive airways disease. The main symptom of COPD is an inability to breathe in and out properly. This is also referred to as airflow obstruction. Annual Review Leaflet What is COPD? Useful Links NHS Choices […more]


What is dementia? Dementia is a broad umbrella term used to describe a range of progressive neurological disorders. There are many different types of dementia and some people may present with a combination of types. Regardless of which type is diagnosed, each person will experience their dementia in their own unique way. Annual Review Leaflet […more]


Diabetes is a long-term (chronic) condition caused by too much glucose (sugar) in the blood. It is also known as diabetes mellitus. There are two types of diabetes – type 1 and type 2. Annual Review Leaflet Review and monitoring is offered for those patients who suffer from Diabetes, both insulin and non-insulin dependant. The […more]


Introduction Epilepsy is a condition that affects the brain and causes repeated seizures. Epilepsy is estimated to affect more than 500,000 people in the UK. This means that almost one in every 100 people has the condition. Annual Review Leaflet Seizures The cells in the brain, known as neurons, conduct electrical signals and communicate with […more]

Heart Failure

What are the symptoms of heart failure? The main symptoms are: shortness of breath – when you are being active or at rest swelling – of your feet, ankles, stomach and lower back areas fatigue – feeling unusually tired or weak Symptoms occur because the heart does not have enough strength to pump blood all […more]

Mental Health

Mental health is about how we think, feel and behave. One in four people in the UK have a mental health problem at some point in their lives, which affects their daily life, relationships or physical health. Annual Review Leaflet Mental health disorders take many different forms and affect people in different ways. Schizophrenia, depression […more]


Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis, affecting 8.5 million people in the UK. It develops gradually over time, causing joints to become stiff and painful. It can affect any joint but commonly affects the hands, knees, hips, feet and spine. Osteoarthritis: a real story Video: Who Develops Osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis usually develops in people […more]


Living with Pain The NHS website contains lots of useful information, tips and advice on living with chronic pain. Help from your GP and use of NHS services dedicated to pain management can help make sufferers more independent, reduce the severity of pain and assist in day to day with coping with what can be a […more]

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a condition in which parts of the brain become progressively damaged over many years. The three main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are: involuntary shaking of particular parts of the body (tremor) slow movement stiff and inflexible muscles Annual Review Leaflet A person with Parkinson’s disease can also experience a wide range of other physical […more]

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a long-term condition that causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints. The symptoms usually affect the hands, feet and wrists. There may be periods where symptoms become worse, known as flare-ups or flares. A flare can be difficult to predict, but with treatment it’s possible to decrease the number of flares and minimise or […more]

Stroke or Transient Ischaemic Attack

A stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Like all organs, the brain needs the oxygen and nutrients provided by blood to function properly. If the supply of blood is restricted or stopped, brain cells begin to die. This can lead to […more]

Underactive Thyroid (Hypothyroidism)

Introduction An underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) is where your thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones. Annual Review Leaflet Common signs of an underactive thyroid are: tiredness weight gain feeling depressed An underactive thyroid can often be successfully treated by taking daily hormone tablets to replace the hormones your thyroid isn’t making. When to see your […more]